How to Get Bird of Paradise to Bloom | When Do Strelitzia Bloom

The Bird of Paradise (Strelitzia), with its striking flowers resembling a bird in flight, is a stunning addition to any garden or indoor space. However, getting these plants to bloom can be a bit challenging. Here’s a comprehensive guide on how to encourage your Bird of Paradise to bloom and when you can expect to see those beautiful flowers.

1. Understanding the Blooming Cycle

Blooming Season:

  • Strelitzia typically blooms in late winter to early spring, but under optimal conditions, they can bloom at other times of the year as well.
  • Mature plants (typically 4-5 years old) are more likely to produce flowers.

2. Provide Adequate Light

Sunlight Requirements:

  • Bird of Paradise plants thrive in bright, indirect sunlight.
  • Outdoors: Full sun to partial shade. They need at least 4-6 hours of direct sunlight daily.
  • Indoors: Place them near a south or west-facing window where they can get plenty of light.

3. Proper Watering

Watering Schedule:

  • Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Allow the top inch of soil to dry out between waterings.
  • Reduce watering slightly in the winter months when the plant’s growth slows down.

4. Optimal Temperature

Temperature Range:

  • Ideal daytime temperatures: 65-70°F (18-21°C).
  • Nighttime temperatures: 50-55°F (10-13°C).
  • Avoid exposing the plant to temperatures below 50°F (10°C), as this can hinder blooming.

5. Fertilization

Feeding Routine:

  • Use a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer (e.g., 10-10-10) every 2-3 weeks during the growing season (spring and summer).
  • Reduce feeding frequency in the fall and winter.

6. Soil and Potting

Soil Requirements:

  • Use well-draining, rich soil. A mix of potting soil, sand, and perlite or bark works well.
  • Repot the plant every 2-3 years to refresh the soil and accommodate growth.

7. Humidity

Humidity Levels:

  • Bird of Paradise plants prefer moderate to high humidity.
  • Indoors: Increase humidity by placing a humidifier nearby or using a pebble tray with water.

8. Pruning and Maintenance

Pruning Tips:

  • Remove dead or damaged leaves to promote healthy growth.
  • Prune spent flower stalks to encourage new blooms.

9. Stress and Dormancy

Encouraging Blooming:

  • Sometimes, slight stress can stimulate blooming. Slightly restricting water or providing a cooler period can encourage flowering.
  • Be cautious not to over-stress the plant, which can be detrimental.

10. Pest and Disease Management

Common Issues:

  • Watch for pests like spider mites, aphids, and scale. Treat infestations promptly with insecticidal soap or neem oil.
  • Ensure good air circulation to prevent fungal diseases.


Getting your Bird of Paradise to bloom requires patience and attention to its specific needs. By providing the right light, water, temperature, and care, you can enjoy the stunning flowers of the Strelitzia. Remember, mature plants are more likely to bloom, so if your plant is still young, give it time and proper care. With these steps, you’ll be on your way to enjoying the vibrant and exotic blooms of the Bird of Paradise.

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