How to grow mango trees from cuttings in water: A step-by-step guide

Growing mango trees from cuttings in water can be a rewarding and straightforward process. Follow this step-by-step guide to successfully propagate mango trees using cuttings.

Materials Needed:

  • Healthy mango tree
  • Sharp, clean pruning shears
  • Container or glass jar
  • Clean water
  • Rooting hormone (optional)
  • Plastic bag (optional)

Step-by-Step Guide

1. Selecting and Preparing the Cutting

  • Choose a Healthy Branch:
    • Select a healthy, semi-hardwood branch from a mature mango tree. The branch should be about 1/4 inch in diameter and have a few leaves.
  • Cut the Branch:
    • Use sharp, clean pruning shears to cut a 6-8 inch section of the branch. Make the cut just below a node (the point where leaves attach to the stem).
  • Remove Lower Leaves:
    • Strip off the leaves from the bottom half of the cutting. Leave a few leaves at the top to help with photosynthesis.
  • Optional: Apply Rooting Hormone:
    • Dip the cut end of the branch in rooting hormone to enhance root development.

2. Placing the Cutting in Water

  • Prepare the Container:
    • Fill a clean container or glass jar with water. Ensure that it is deep enough to submerge the bottom half of the cutting.
  • Insert the Cutting:
    • Place the cutting into the container, ensuring the cut end is submerged in water. The leaves should remain above the waterline.

3. Providing the Right Environment

  • Location:
    • Place the container in a warm, bright spot but out of direct sunlight. A windowsill with indirect light works well.
  • Change Water Regularly:
    • Change the water every 3-4 days to prevent stagnation and to provide fresh oxygen to the cutting.

4. Encouraging Root Growth

  • Monitor for Roots:
    • Roots should start developing in 2-4 weeks. You will see small white roots emerging from the cut end.
  • Optional: Cover with Plastic Bag:
    • To create a humid environment, cover the cutting and container with a plastic bag. Ensure the bag does not touch the leaves.

5. Transplanting the Rooted Cutting

  • Prepare a Pot:
    • Once roots are 1-2 inches long, prepare a pot with well-draining potting mix.
  • Transplant the Cutting:
    • Carefully transplant the rooted cutting into the pot, ensuring the roots are covered with soil and the plant is upright.
  • Watering:
    • Water the newly potted cutting lightly to settle the soil around the roots. Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged.

6. Caring for the Mango Plant

  • Sunlight:
    • Place the pot in a location with plenty of indirect sunlight.
  • Watering:
    • Keep the soil consistently moist but not soggy.
  • Temperature:
    • Mango trees prefer warm temperatures. Keep the plant in an environment between 70-85°F (21-29°C).
  • Fertilizing:
    • Feed the plant with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer every 4-6 weeks.


Growing mango trees from cuttings in water is a simple and effective way to propagate these tropical plants. By following these steps, you can enjoy the process of nurturing a mango tree from a small cutting to a thriving plant. With patience and proper care, your mango tree will grow strong and healthy, ready to eventually produce delicious fruit.

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