Propagate Bougainvillea Plants From Bougainvillea Cuttings

Bougainvillea is a vibrant and hardy plant that can be easily propagated from cuttings, allowing you to expand your garden without purchasing new plants. Here’s a simple guide to help you propagate bougainvillea plants from cuttings.

Materials Needed

  • Healthy bougainvillea plant
  • Sharp, sterilized pruning shears
  • Rooting hormone (optional)
  • Small pots or containers with drainage holes
  • High-quality potting mix or a mix of sand and peat
  • Clear plastic bags or plastic wrap
  • Watering can or spray bottle
  • Pencil or stick (for making holes in soil)

Step-by-Step Guide

  1. Select Healthy Cuttings
    • Choose a healthy, mature bougainvillea plant with no signs of disease.
    • Select semi-hardwood cuttings (stems that are not too young and not too old) about 6-8 inches long.
  2. Prepare the Cuttings
    • Use sharp, sterilized pruning shears to make a clean cut just below a node (the point where leaves attach to the stem).
    • Remove all but the top 2-3 leaves to reduce moisture loss.
  3. Optional: Apply Rooting Hormone
    • Dip the cut end of each cutting into rooting hormone to enhance root development.
  4. Prepare the Pots and Soil
    • Fill small pots or containers with a well-draining potting mix or a mix of sand and peat.
    • Use a pencil or stick to make holes in the soil for the cuttings.
  5. Plant the Cuttings
    • Insert the cuttings into the prepared holes, ensuring the cut end is buried 1-2 inches deep.
    • Firmly press the soil around the base of the cuttings to provide support.
  6. Create a Humid Environment
    • Cover the pots with clear plastic bags or plastic wrap to create a mini greenhouse effect.
    • Ensure the plastic does not touch the cuttings. Use sticks or stakes to support the plastic if needed.
  7. Watering
    • Water the soil lightly to keep it moist but not waterlogged.
    • Use a spray bottle or watering can to maintain even moisture.
  8. Provide Light and Warmth
    • Place the pots in a warm location with bright, indirect sunlight.
    • Maintain a temperature between 70-85°F (21-29°C).
  9. Monitor and Maintain
    • Check the cuttings regularly for signs of new growth.
    • Keep the soil moist and the environment humid.
    • After a few weeks, gently tug on the cuttings to check for resistance, indicating root development.
  10. Transplanting
    • Once the cuttings have developed a strong root system and new growth is visible, they can be transplanted.
    • Carefully transplant the rooted cuttings into larger pots or directly into the garden.
    • Provide regular care, including watering, fertilizing, and pruning.

Tips for Success

  • Sterilize Tools: Always sterilize pruning shears to prevent disease transmission.
  • Humidity: Maintaining high humidity is crucial for root development.
  • Patience: Propagation takes time. Be patient and consistent with care.
  • Temperature: Ensure the cuttings are kept in a warm environment for optimal growth.


Propagating bougainvillea plants from cuttings is a rewarding and cost-effective way to expand your garden. By following these steps and providing the right care, you can successfully propagate bougainvillea plants and enjoy their vibrant blooms for years to come.

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