How to propagate roses from the stem to get dozens of roses

Propagating roses from stems is a cost-effective and rewarding way to grow multiple rose plants from your favorite varieties. Here’s a simplified step-by-step guide to help you successfully propagate roses from stem cuttings.

Materials Needed

  • Healthy rose bush
  • Sharp pruning shears
  • Rooting hormone (optional)
  • Small pots or containers
  • High-quality potting mix
  • Clear plastic bags or plastic wrap
  • Watering can or spray bottle

Step-by-Step Guide

Step 1: Select Healthy Stems

  • Choose the Right Stems: Select healthy, disease-free stems from the current season’s growth. Look for stems that are firm and about the thickness of a pencil.
  • Length of Cuttings: Cut 6-8 inch sections of the stem just below a leaf node (the point where leaves attach to the stem).

Step 2: Prepare the Cuttings

  • Remove Leaves: Strip off the lower leaves, leaving only the top 2-3 leaves.
  • Optional Rooting Hormone: Dip the cut end of the stem into rooting hormone to encourage root development.

Step 3: Prepare the Potting Containers

  • Drainage Layer: Place a layer of small stones or gravel at the bottom of the pot for drainage.
  • Potting Mix: Fill the pots with high-quality, well-draining potting mix.

Step 4: Plant the Cuttings

  • Insert the Cuttings: Make a hole in the soil with a pencil or stick, then insert the cutting about 2 inches deep.
  • Secure the Soil: Press the soil gently around the base of the cutting to secure it.

Step 5: Create a Humid Environment

  • Cover the Cuttings: Place clear plastic bags or plastic wrap over the pots to create a mini greenhouse effect, retaining moisture and warmth.
  • Support the Bag: Use small stakes or sticks to prevent the plastic from touching the leaves.

Step 6: Place in a Warm, Sunny Location

  • Sunlight: Position the pots in a warm spot with indirect sunlight. Direct sunlight can be too harsh for young cuttings.
  • Temperature: Ideal temperatures for rooting are between 65-75°F (18-24°C).

Step 7: Watering

  • Moisture Level: Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Mist the soil with a spray bottle if necessary.
  • Humidity: Check the moisture inside the plastic bag regularly. Remove the bag periodically to prevent mold growth.

Step 8: Monitor Root Development

  • Check for Roots: After a few weeks, gently tug on the cuttings to check for resistance, indicating root formation.
  • Remove Plastic Cover: Once roots are established, gradually acclimate the plants to the open air by removing the plastic cover for longer periods each day.

Step 9: Transplanting

  • Prepare Larger Pots: Once the cuttings have a healthy root system, transplant them into larger pots or directly into the garden.
  • Acclimate Gradually: Gradually expose the new plants to outdoor conditions to prevent shock.

Step 10: Ongoing Care

  • Watering: Water regularly, especially during dry periods.
  • Fertilizing: Feed with a balanced fertilizer to promote growth and blooming.
  • Pruning: Prune to shape the plant and remove any dead or diseased wood.


Propagating roses from stem cuttings is an efficient way to multiply your rose plants and enjoy more blooms in your garden. By following these steps—selecting healthy stems, preparing cuttings, planting, and providing proper care—you can successfully grow dozens of roses from a few cuttings. Enjoy the beauty and fragrance of your expanded rose garden!

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