How to make compost from kitchen waste at home

Creating compost at home is an eco-friendly way to recycle kitchen waste and enrich your garden soil. Here’s a simple guide on how to make compost using two 20-liter buckets:

Materials Needed:

  • Two 20-liter buckets with lids
  • Drill with a small drill bit for creating drainage holes
  • Kitchen waste (vegetable scraps, eggshells, fruit waste)
  • Compost (as a starter)
  • PSB (Photosynthetic Bacteria) solution
  • Water
  • Sunny location for composting

Step-by-Step Guide:

  1. Prepare Your Buckets:
    • Drill many small holes in the bottom of one of the buckets for drainage. Ensure the holes are small enough that compost won’t leak out.
  2. Layer Kitchen Waste:
    • Start by adding a layer of kitchen waste to the bucket with drainage holes. You can use vegetable scraps, eggshells, and fruit waste. Avoid adding meat, dairy, or oily foods.
  3. Cover with Compost:
    • Add a layer of compost on top of the kitchen waste. This acts as a starter and helps speed up the decomposition process.
  4. Prepare PSB Solution:
    • Mix 3 bottle caps of PSB with 1.5 liters of water. PSB helps reduce bad smells and aids in the decomposition process.
  5. Moisten the Layers:
    • Sprinkle some of the PSB solution over the layers to ensure even moisture throughout the compost.
  6. Place in the Sun:
    • Put the compost bin in a sunny location. Sunlight helps speed up decomposition.
  7. Regularly Add Kitchen Waste:
    • After 7 days, add more kitchen waste to the bin and cover it with compost. Continue adding waste every 2-3 days.
  8. Maintain Moisture:
    • Ensure the compost stays moist but not waterlogged. Add more PSB solution if needed.
  9. After 30 Days:
    • Mix the compost every 2-3 days to accelerate decomposition. This helps distribute bacteria evenly.
  10. Harvest Liquid Fertilizer:
    • After about 60 days, your kitchen waste should have decomposed into compost. You can harvest liquid fertilizer from the drainage holes at the bottom. Dilute it with water (1:500) and use it to fertilize your plants.
  11. Apply Compost to Plants:
    • The compost created is great for applying to all your plants to enrich the soil.

By following these steps, you can turn your kitchen waste into nutrient-rich compost and liquid fertilizer for your garden. It’s an excellent way to reduce waste and improve your gardening efforts.

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